Category Archives: Motherhood

Rheumatism in Children

Rheumatism in Children

Rheumatism in children is an inflammation of the joints of the child leading to injury. This is not a common occurrence, so parents should pay special attention to timely treatment to avoid affecting the health of children later.

What is rheumatism in children?

Usually, when it comes to rheumatism , many people think of the disease as occurring only in people entering their 30s and the older they get, the greater the incidence of the disease. However, this condition can occur in children, if parents do not find it early, it can cause children to have many health problems.

Rheumatism in children often appears in children aged 5-16 years. The disease is caused by a form of immune disorder, the healthy cartilage and bone tissue cells are affected and damaged by the body’s own immune system.

According to a survey in Vietnam, the proportion of children suffering from this disease accounts for 3 to 5%, although this is quite a rare number, parents need to supplement their knowledge to promptly deliver. showing abnormal symptoms of the child for timely treatment.

The cause of rheumatism in children

Parents need to find out the reasons to prevent rheumatism in young children such as:

  • Genetic: Children with complete and weak bone structure are more likely to get rheumatism. Or in a child’s DNA system there is a malfunctioning gene that we don’t know and this cause only manifests itself as the child grows up.
  • Due to the weather: The child’s body is weak and the immune system is weak, so it is easy to be affected by external influences. Therefore, when the weather changes suddenly, the bones and joints will suffer the negative effects and easily cause rheumatism.
  • Due to the diet: If children do not get enough nutrients, their bodies will become stunted, their resistance will be weak and their joints and joints will be delayed. The weak condition will make children very vulnerable to rheumatism if given the opportunity to invade and cause disease.
  • Due to complications from other pathologies: If the child has previously suffered from diseases of the ear, nose and throat, typhus, viral fever, etc., these conditions will be a favorable condition for streptococcus group hemolysis. A invades and attacks the body causing disease.

Symptoms of rheumatism in children

The following will be common symptoms in children with rheumatism parents should pay attention to:

1. Certificate of dance

This symptom is related to the central nervous system and children with rheumatism will often encounter, this condition accounts for 12-20%. Dance will appear as:

  • Children will have more awkward movements as usual pawn or fail, hands trembling whenever holding a pen to write.
  • Children are becoming more and more silly, learning status becomes worse and worse.

Until the disease progresses to a full-fledged level, the child will have symptoms such as: nervousness, anxiety, or panic, making very difficult manual dexterous movements, writing awkward words, walking staggering, difficult speech and muscle strength.

If the disease progresses to a more severe level, the child will often perform hand-waving movements, strokes, etc. The symptoms of dancing often make the child feel tired, lasting for weeks and even years. causing children to encounter many inconveniences.

2. Lumpy nodules

This symptom will manifest as: Under the skin often appear small, hard and mobile particles that do not cause pain.

These nodules often appear in places where there are protruding bones or thin skin areas such as wrists, elbows, feet, ankles, occipital occipital areas, pelvis, spine, etc.

Typically, these nodules appear only for a few days or weeks and then go away but also make the patient feel a lot of pain.

3. Arthritis

This condition can occur in one or more joints. This symptom will make the joints ache, children feel tired and no longer hyperactive as before. Currently, 93% of pediatric patients suffer from rheumatism in the acute stage.

This type of arthritis usually appears 1-2 weeks after sore throats, swallowing painful food, fever, tonsils are enlarged and red, …

Symptoms of arthritis will usually manifest from mild to severe, often inflamed joints will be large joints such as shoulder joints, knee joints, elbows, wrists, ankles, etc. effusion inside.

4. Rose-ring

The child’s body may experience symptoms such as: Pink spots, with round edges often appear on the chest and extremities. Although this symptom does not cause itching, it will leave many sequelae. This is a typical skin symptom in children with rheumatism and accounts for about 15%.

Is rheumatism in children dangerous?

Parents need to pay more attention and attention to their children, if they detect that their bodies appear to have the above typical symptoms, they need to be quickly taken to medical facilities for medical examination so that treatment can be carried out promptly. and avoid leaving dangerous complications affecting the health and life of children in the future.

However, if this situation progresses without early recovery, the disease will cause dangerous complications such as:

  • Children will be reduced motor skills.
  • Increased risk of lung disease.
  • Increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
  • Vascular inflammation.
  • Damage to the eyes, heart, lungs and other internal organs.

Treatment of rheumatism for children

To make sure the child has rheumatism, parents need to take the child to the nearest health facility soon to be diagnosed by a specialist by conducting tests to identify the disease and make a sketch. Suitable treatment map.

1. Treatment by Western medicine method

Based on the severity of the condition, the doctor will evaluate and recommend the following treatment plan:

  • Use of drugs: For children with mild rheumatism, the doctor will order the use of drugs such as NSAIDs, DMARDs, Steroids, anti-immunity drugs, … to reduce pain and prevent disease developed.
  • Dialysis: Through modern equipment, the doctor will order the patient to conduct dialysis to remove antibodies that cause osteoarthritis pain to be able to alleviate the symptoms of the disease.
  • Replacement surgery: In severe cases, where the joints have been devastated so much and to prevent the disabled children from affecting the future in the future, doctors will order surgeries instead. Joints help recreate the function of joints.

2. Treatment with physical therapy

Although a child’s bones and joints are still immature, the level of recovery and regeneration will be faster than adults. Therefore, the physiotherapy exercises with the guidance of a doctor will help the child to improve the pain of the disease and restore motor skills.

In cases where it is necessary, the doctor may instruct the implementation of techniques on the body of the child to help reduce pain further. At the same time, besides these exercises, parents should encourage children to play moderate activity sports such as cycling, swimming, …

Prevention of rheumatism in children

In the process of treating rheumatism for children, parents should pay attention to the following issues to prevent recurrence such as:

  • Need to keep the body warm for children, especially at the time of season or climate change erratically. Because this will be a favorable environment for the symptoms of rheumatism to arise.
  • Regularly mobilize and exercise your baby to help keep the musculoskeletal system strong and shorten recovery time.
  • Avoid putting children on weight, as this will expose the injured bones to great pressure and be more easily damaged.
  • Add foods that are good for your child’s health such as: Vegetables, fish, whole grains, seafood, mushrooms, milk, etc. Avoid giving foods that can stimulate an inflammatory reaction like food eat fast food, snack, refined grain, processed food, …
  • For children to practice the habit of drinking plenty of water, when the body provides enough water, it will help create joint fluid, lubricate joint joints. Then your baby will feel less pain and easier to move joints.
  • Teach children how to properly clean their bodies, especially in the eye area, because the eyes are very vulnerable to rheumatism.
  • Give your child the medicine on time and take breaks as needed to help the child’s health quickly recover.
  • Need to encourage and help children have a spirit of optimism. Love life to add spirit to help children can cope with disease. Do not yell or yell, your baby’s spirit becomes downhill and worse.


Although the rate of children with rheumatism is not high, parents are not so subjective and not alert. The prevention of rheumatism in children is essential to help children avoid persistent pain caused by the disease. At the same time, it is necessary to take the child to the hospital actively to be diagnosed by the doctor and devise an appropriate treatment plan.

What Are the Benefits of an Air Purifier for a Baby

What Are the Benefits of an Air Purifier for a Baby?

If your house has fresh air without pollutants, it will be suitable for your baby to play indoors. It is safe for your baby. Every day many activities will go on so you can not keep your house clean and atmosphere the same. As there are many pollutants in the air, it will affect the fresh air of your home. Even in a vacuum room, air particles can still float in the air. However, you do not have to worry about such things. By using a perfect air purifier that suits your house, will always have a clean atmosphere.

Air purifiers are useful tools to remove air contaminants and mold odors in your home. An air purifier also gives many health benefits to your baby.

Infant air purifiers are devices trusted by many mothers for air pollution. It protects the respiratory system for children, from factors like bacteria and viruses, that affect the health of the baby.

Before buying the best baby air purifier, follow the article to learn the benefits of air purifiers for your baby.

The reason a newborn home needs an air purifier

What Are the Benefits of an Air Purifier for a Baby

Air purifiers help to remove dirt, air pollutants harmful to babies, and balance moisture. It protects your baby to prevent negative effects from the surrounding environment.

  • Babies and young children have a weak immune system. As the brain system is underdeveloped, it gets affected by harmful external factors.
  • The infant breathing rate is top, affected by inhalation of air pollutants.
  • The respiratory system of infants is very sensitive to the external environment. If they inhale even a negligible amount of dirt or smoke children show uncomfortable reflexes.
  • Children are susceptible to wheezing by using air conditioners. It will make the child’s respiratory system dry, uncomfortable, causing diseases such as bronchitis.
  • Children are more likely to get infectious diseases like flu from other members through the air. Mothers, if they have flu the virus will spread to babies by simple actions such as talking and sneezing.

Benefits of air purifiers for your baby’s health

There are a few things to keep in mind when you care for babies. The newborn’s immune system is weak. It gets infected by harmful particles in the air and thus affects the health of the baby. Because of the weak immune system, you must keep your baby protected at this newborn stage. Improving the indoor atmosphere and eliminating the polluted atmosphere will help a lot for your baby’s health.

Protection by providing the best moisture to the newborn

Regions with a high air, the humidity will create conditions for bacteria and microorganisms to thrive. This causes many respiratory diseases, affecting everyone’s health. Especially for babies, their resistance will be weak so you need to provide the best moisture for babies. Therefore, the use of air purifiers is essential for you to protect the health of children.

What Are the Benefits of an Air Purifier for a Baby

What is the best moisture for babies?

The temperature of babies is not as stable as that of adults. With erratic weather, children are very susceptible to diseases like cold, heatstroke, respiratory diseases, pneumonia, bronchitis, and other airborne diseases.

So what’s the best moisture for babies? According to health experts, the best moisture for babies varies between 55-65%. The temperature for babies varies between 20 to 30 degrees C. However, the best temperature for babies is between 26 to 28 degrees C. If the humidity is higher or lower, there are many potential risks of respiratory diseases.

Are all air cleaners suitable for babies?

All air cleaners are not suitable for babies. Choosing genuine quality products and using HEPA filters or activated carbon will be effective and safe for your children.

A HEPA filter was designed for the safety of young children. Dust particles of microscopic size, pollutants such as pollen, bacteria, influenza viruses, get trapped. HEPA filter processed these, dispersing clean air. This process gets repeated to keep the air in the room always fresh to protect your baby.

They designed activated carbon membranes with many molecular-sized holes. These holes can absorb and eliminate unpleasant odors affecting children such as cigarette smoke, toxic gas, and harmful interior smell.

Do not overuse baby air purifiers

Air purifiers are great for babies, but not when overused. Many mothers use an air purifier with a humidifying function. They use humidifying feature only when the room is with low humidity, to avoid a continuous operation, causing overload. Avoid using the humidifier feature when it rains. The temperature drops when it rains, which causes an acute humidity condition that makes it easier for bacteria to grow.

Turn on the highest air filtration mode when the air in the room is too dirty or with an unpleasant smell. Then switch to low or medium mode to operate the machine economically and smoothly, which does not affect the baby’s sleep.

How to Change a Baby's Diaper

How to Change a Baby’s Diaper

During the first months, you can change your baby’s diaper regularly every hour. While this may be tedious, changing your diaper frequently (at least before or after every day during breastfeeding and whenever your baby has bowel movements) is the best way to avoid irritation and diaper rash in the sensitive area. cold under the butt.

If you use a cloth diaper, it’s easy to know when to take care, instead of how you can feel the moisture in the diaper layer. However, if you are using a disposable diaper, you may need to look closer (and sometimes hold your breath) to assess the wet condition of the baby’s diaper. Because when absorbed, diapers tend to absorb water until really saturated. You do not need to wake your baby to change a diaper, and unless the diaper is very wet and uncomfortable or the baby has a bowel movement. Otherwise, you do not need to change diapers every time your baby feeds at night; The movements and light can make it difficult for the baby to sleep again.

To ensure proper diaper changes, follow these steps.

Step 1: Prepare

Before you start changing diapers, make sure everything you need is on your hands or a changing table. You will need all or some of the following:

  • Diaper clean.
  • Cotton and warm water for babies under 1 month (or diaper rash babies) and a small washcloth or towel.
  • New clothes for babies if the diaper has leaked, clean diapers, or waterproof pants if you are using cloth diapers.
  • Ointment or cream, if necessary, to avoid diaper rash; Aromatic water and chalk are not needed. Be careful with diaper creams because if they get stuck on the tip of disposable diapers, it can interfere with sticking.

Step 2: Wash your hands well

Wash and dry your hands before you begin if possible. If not, you can use a disposable towel.

Step 3: Have fun with your baby

You can coo, make smiles, sing … to distract your baby when changing diapers. You can also ring the phone on the changing table, one or two stuffed toys insight, a music box, electronic toy, or any toy that will interest your baby long enough for you. can change diapers. Do not use items such as chalk boxes or lotions, as older babies can grab and put them in their mouths.

Step 4: Spread diaper

Spread a protective cloth diaper or a cloth. Wherever you make a diaper change, be careful always supervising your baby, never taking your eyes off. The belt should even be tied to a changing table, so your baby doesn’t move out of your reach.

Step 5: Take off the diaper and clean the baby

Take off the diaper, but do not immediately slip away. First, consider the diaper condition. If your child has a bowel movement, use a diaper to wipe away the stain, keep the diaper away from the penis if it is a boy. Now fold the diaper down under the baby with the clean side acting as a protective surface, and wipe the front thoroughly with warm water or a diaper, making sure everything is in order; then lift both legs, wipe off the buttocks, and slide off the dirty diaper and put new diapers in before releasing the baby’s legs. Pat your baby dry if you use it. Make sure your baby’s bottom is completely dry before wearing diapers or applying ointment or other baby creams.

Step 6: Fold the diaper

If you are using a cloth diaper, the diaper must be folded and ready for use. The extra fabric should be in front of boys and behind for girls. To avoid sticking to your baby when using a diaper pin, hold your finger under the diaper layer when you insert the pin. Sticking the pins to the bar of soap when you’re changing diapers will make them smoother when attached to the fabric. When the diaper pins are worn, remove them. Diapers and protective pants must fit snugly to minimize leakage, however, don’t choose too tight because they can irritate your baby’s delicate skin. The stripe will warn you that the diaper is too tight. If the navel is still sticky, fold the diaper down to expose the area to air and keep the navel dry.

Step 7: Throw away the dirty diapers

Throw away used diapers properly. Fold the disposable diaper, close it tightly, and place it in the trash. For disposable diapers, store them in a covered bucket until you wash them. If you’re away from home, leave the diaper in a plastic bag until you get home.

Step 8: Clean the changing diaper area for your baby

Change clothes or baby sheets if needed.

Step 9: Wash your hands thoroughly

Wash your hands with soap and water if possible, or else you can also clean your hands with a towel.

Depending on the baby and the type of diaper used, there may be different ways of changing diapers. Always take the right precautions to prevent the risk of diaper rash in young children. Please consult your doctor if you have any other questions.